Diseases & Conditions

Recognizing the signs and knowing when to seek treatment is important to stopping heart and vascular problems from becoming more severe. If you are currently experiencing chest pain, call 911 or have someone drive you to the closest emergency room.

Heart Conditions

Acute Coronary Syndrome

Acute coronary syndrome occurs when blood supply to the heart is suddenly blocked. It is a medical emergency and chest pain is its main symptom.


Angina is chest pain that is caused by reduced blood flow to the heart.


An arrhythmia is an abnormal heart rhythm.


Atherosclerosis is the hardening of the arteries due to plaque build-up inside the arteries.

Atrial Fibrillation (AFib)

Atrial fibrillation (AFib) is a quivering, irregular heartbeat that may cause stroke and other heart-related complications.

Cardiac Arrest

Cardiac arrest occurs when the heart suddenly stops working. It is a medical emergency.


Cardiomyopathy is an enlarged heart muscle. As the heart gets larger, it becomes weaker.

Congenital Heart Defects

Congenital heart defects are heart conditions that occur due to heart abnormalities present at birth. These defects can affect any part of the heart and can often be treated with surgery.

Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease refers to a buildup of plaque in the arteries of the heart. It can lead to a heart attack.

Heart Attack

A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is dramatically reduced. This loss of blood flow can cause portions of the heart muscle to die.

Heart Block

A heart block occurs when the electrical signal that causes the heart to pump is interrupted or stopped.

Heart Failure

Heart failure occurs when the heart is significantly weakened so that it can no longer adequately supply the body's cells with oxygen. Fatigue and shortness of breath make everyday activities difficult.

Infective (Bacterial) Endocarditis

Infective endocarditis is an infection of the lining of the heart. It may be caused by bacteria and can lead to complications such as heart valve destruction and congestive heart failure.

Long QT Syndrome (LQTS)

Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a heart rhythm disorder that may cause rapid, chaotic heartbeats. These rapid heartbeats may lead to sudden fainting, seizure or death.


Pericarditis is the inflammation of the sac that surrounds the heart.

Valve Disorders

Valve disorders involve problems with the valves that regulate blood flow throughout the heart. In general, valves either harden or leak.

Vascular Conditions

Chronic Venous Insufficiency

Chronic venous insufficiency, also known as CVI, occurs from chronic pooling and congestion caused by leaky varicose veins, from obstruction in veins due to clots (thrombosis) or from inflammation of the veins (phlebitis). As CVI worsens, skin changes and leg ulcerations can occur. This condition is often treated with compression stockings and radiofrequency ablation.

Leg Skin Changes

Skin changes associated with chronic venous insufficiency are called venous stasis dermatitis. Tissue can become damaged and the skin inflamed, eventually turning a reddish brown and becoming hard, thick, leathery and itchy. Treatments aim to relieve swelling and decrease pressure in the veins and may include prescription drugs, compression leggings and radiofrequency ablation.

Leg Ulcers

When venous disease becomes severe, venous stasis ulcers can occur on the skin. These ulcers can be painful, and the treatment may be lengthy and frustrating. Treatment often involves radiofrequency ablation to help redirect the blood flow to functional veins and relieve venous congestion, improving the leg ulcer and reducing the likelihood of recurrence.

Reticular Veins

Similar to spider veins, reticular veins are slightly larger and often appear bluish. They may also be of only cosmetic concern or may contribute to other symptoms. Reticular veins can also be treated with sclerotherapy.

Spider Veins

These clusters of small veins lie very close to the surface and may appear red, purple or blue. For some, they are only a cosmetic concern; for others, they may also cause pain. It is estimated that spider veins affect about 50 percent of adult females. They can be treated with injections from your doctor called sclerotherapy.

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are typically blue and tend to bulge, occurring anywhere in the leg from your groin to your ankle. As they grow, they may become twisted or cord-like. Varicose veins can cause symptoms including leg swelling, aching, cramping, tired legs, heaviness, burning, throbbing or itching. Your doctor may begin treating you with compression stockings, but more problematic varicose veins may require radiofrequency ablation (RFA), vein ligation and stripping, or microplebectomy.

Take the Next Step

Physician referrals and appointments can be arranged by calling ​(866) 697-5864 or by completing an Appointment Request Form or searching our online physician directory.