Diseases & Conditions
Recovering from a gynecological problem starts with learning more about it. At The Women’s Center at Nacogdoches Medical Center, we focus on staying current with gynecological diseases and conditions — and sharing that information with you. Below you’ll find information on common women’s health concerns.
Adnexal tumors are growths that occur on the organs as well as the connective tissues surrounding the uterus. Adnexal tumors are most often noncancerous, but it is important to realize that some are malignant.
This type of cyst occurs when the duct of the Bartholin's gland becomes blocked, resulting in the development of a fluid-filled cyst. The Bartholin's glands are a pair of glands between the vagina and the vulva that produce lubrication when they are stimulated.
This condition is the abnormal growth of cells on the cervix's surface. Considered a precancerous condition, it is typically the result of a sexually transmitted infection with a common virus, the Human Papillomavirus or HPV.
Also referred to as cervical ectopy, this condition involves the erosion of the cervical tissues. The cells that normally line the cervix canal can extend onto the surface of the cervix.
Cervical polyps are red, smooth, finger-shaped growths that occur in the cervix. The reason for these polyps are not exactly known, but may be caused by long-term inflammation or sexually transmitted disease.
Cervicitis is the inflammation of the end of the uterus or the cervix. This condition often occurs as the result of a sexually transmitted disease.
Chronic Pelvic Pain
Chronic pelvic pain is a common occurrence but doctors have little understanding of what causes it. Associated symptoms are bowel dysfunction, bladder dysfunction, pain during sexual intercourse and it may also lead to depression.
Birth control, sometimes referred to as contraception and fertility control, is methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy. Birth control can take many forms including pills, shots, condoms and patches.
Dysmenorrhea is a medical condition marked by painful menstrual bleeding. The cause of the pain can be unknown or related to disease; regardless the pain can interfere with daily activities.
Endometriosis is a disorder in which tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus. This condition is extremely common and can be a very painful condition for the women who suffer from it.
This type of therapy is used after a woman hits menopause and is medication used to replace the female hormones the body no longer makes after menopause. It can be used to ease symptoms such as mood swings, vaginal dryness and hot flashes.
Fallopian Tube Disorders
One cause of infertility is tubal disease, where your fallopian tubes become blocked or damaged. Scar tissue from endometriosis or abdominal/gynecologic surgery (bowel surgery, cesarean section, etc.) can block the egg from traveling down your fallopian tube to meet the sperm.
This type of tumor is usually a benign tumor that grows inside the uterus. They are extremely common and often lead to increased or prolonged menstrual bleeding.
Also referred as a cervical insufficiency, it is a condition that occurs when weak cervical tissue causes or contributes to premature birth or possibly loss of the fetus in an otherwise uncomplicated pregnancy.
Menopause usually occurs when a woman is in her 40s and 50s and is a natural decline in the reproductive hormones. This process is a natural process that marks the end of fertility.
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form in the ovaries. They are extremely common and most frequently occur in women during their childbearing years.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
PCOS is a common endocrine system disorder among women of childbearing age. Women with PCOS have enlarged ovaries that contain small fluid-filled sacs.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
This condition occurs before a woman's menstrual cycle. It results in severe depression, mood swings, irritability and tension prior to the start of the menstrual cycle.
Sexually Transmitted Infections
STIs are usually transmitted by having sexual intercourse with a person infected with a disease. There are a wide variety of different STIs, some of which are caused by bacteria and others are caused by a virus.
Struma ovarii is a rare ovarian tumor characterized by the presence of thyroid tissue, which comprises more than 50% of the overall mass of the tumor. The tumor can be benign or malignant and is often treated with surgery.
Urinary Tract Infections
A UTI is an infection that occurs in any portion of the urinary system including the kidneys, bladder or urethra. Urinary tract infections are one of the most commonly occurring bacterial infections diagnosed in the United States.
Abnormal uterine bleeding is usually associated with changes in hormones. Abnormal bleeding is usually triggered when women don't ovulate, unusual bleeding is rarely the result of a serious medical condition.
Fibroids are a type of tumor, usually benign, that grows inside the uterus. They are extremely common and often lead to increased or prolonged menstrual bleeding.
This condition occurs when pelvic floor muscles and ligaments stretch and weaken, which provides inadequate support for the uterus. The uterus then slips down into or protrudes out of the vagina and may occur as the result of childbirth, the effects of gravity or loss of estrogen.
Vaginal Yeast Infections
Yeast infections, also called candidiasis, are a common female infection. Yeast infections are caused by the fungus candida, which is associated with intense itching, swelling and irritation.
Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that can cause discharge, itching and pain. The cause of this condition is usually a change in the normal balance of vaginal bacteria or an infection.
Also known as vaginal inflammation, vulvovaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that can result in discharge, itching and pain. Treatment usually involves the use of a topical estrogen cream for two weeks.
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